Franchise Candidates: Review Franchise Operations Manual Before Signing

Published on December 19, 2018

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During my franchising career, I’ve found it’s an exception when a franchise candidate reviewed the franchise operations manual before signing the franchise agreement. Considering the importance of the operations manual and its references in the franchise agreement it’s a surprising observation.

Following are examples of how the franchise operations manual is referenced in franchise agreements:

  • Franchisees agree that the Operations Manual maintained by the franchisor controls in the event of a dispute over its contents.
  • Franchisees agree to sell only those authorized products and services described in the franchise operations manual.
  • The franchisor has the right to revise the operations manual as it deems necessary to update operating, marketing techniques, standards and specifications in any manner, including updates contained in monthly newsletters. Franchisees are required to update its Operations Manual as instructed by franchisor. Since many operations manuals are in digital format updates become much easier to complete.
  • Franchisees must agree that the franchisor master copy of the operations manual controls in the event of any disputes over its contents.

These examples indicate how important it is for a franchise candidate to review the franchise operations manual before committing to sign the franchise agreement. An important part of the franchise due diligence process is a review of the franchise operations manual. A review by the franchise candidate or their attorney should include the following:

  • Comparison of key provisions of franchise agreement to operations manual
  • Determining how often updates are made to the manual and the method of communicating updates to franchisees
  • Questioning franchisees regarding any issues, problems or disputes pertaining to updates to the manual altering the operation of the franchise or financial aspects of the franchisee

It’s important that franchise candidates review the franchise operations manual before signing the franchise agreement. The franchise operations manual is linked to and becomes a part of the obligations each franchisee agrees to when they sign a franchise agreement. There are numerous examples of franchisee-franchisor disputes that arose from a conflict regarding changes in the operations manual, which affected the operation of the franchise.


About the Author: Ed Teixeira
Ed Teixeira is a recognized franchise expert with over 35 years experience in the franchise industry. He has served as a corporate executive for franchise firms in the retail, manufacturing, healthcare and technology industries and was a franchisee of a multi-million dollar home healthcare franchise. Ed is the author of Franchising From the Inside Out and The Franchise Buyers Manual. He has participated in the CEO Magazine Roundtable Meetings with business leaders from around the country and spoke at a number of venues including the International Franchise Expo and the Chinese Franchise Association in Shanghai, China. Over the course of his career, Ed has been involved with over 1,000 franchise locations and launched franchise concepts from existing business models. Ed can be contacted at 631-246-5782 or ed.teixeira@franchisegrade.com.
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